How to Treat certain Burns
Knowing how to treat a burn is important. Untreated burns can get infected and cause additional scarring. If you are suffering from a serious burn, it’s essential to consult with a physician. If you only have a minor wound, there are things you can do at home to treat the burn yourself.
How to Treat a Minor Burn – 1st degree burn treatment
First-degree burns are the least severe and only affect the outermost layer of skin known as the epidermis. They can cause redness and swelling and turn white when pressure is applied, and can sometimes be painful. A good example of a first-degree burn is sunburn. First degree burns only involve the outermost layer of your skin, called the epidermis.
Symptoms of first-degree burns include swelling, redness, and pain. You may also experience some flaking or peeling of the skin after a first-degree burn, especially with sunburns. Most first-degree burns won’t require a trip to the doctor and can be treated quite easily at home.
They cause minimal damage to the skin and usually heal up in less than a week. If pain persists, you may have a more severe burn. Treating a first-degree burn at home is simple. If you’ve been burned, and If the skin hasn’t been cut or broken, cool the skin by running it under cold water immediately. The cold water helps soothe the pain and reduce redness and swelling caused by the burn. You can also use cold, damp towels or cloths changed regularly until the pain subsides. If the burn has been caused by contact with something cold, you should not use cold water as a treatment. Using cold water for 5 to 10 minutes will help relieve the pain and reduce swelling.
After you’ve cooled the burn, you can apply a special burn ointment to help relieve the pain. You can find burn ointment at any supermarket or drug store. You can also use a pain reliever like Tylenol or Advil to help reduce the pain. First-degree burns typically heal in 3 to 5 days and shouldn’t hurt too bad after the first day or two.
If pain persists or your burn becomes infected, it’s important to consult with a physician to decide on a course of action. Only your doctor can tell you how bad your burn is and how much risk you may be at for complications like infections and scarring. Antibiotic ointments prescribed by your doctor may also be used to help treat first degree burns, especially in the young and elderly.
Always seek advice from your Doctor
Second Degree Burns
Some second-degree burns can be considered a minor burn, while others may be more serious. Burns over large areas of the skin or burns that are borderline third-degree burns should be checked out by a physician immediately. Second-degree burns are much more serious than first degree burns and could potentially require medical attention.
Second-degree burns damage the two outermost layers of your skin, known as the epidermis and dermis layers. These burns can damage your hair follicles and sweat glands. You know you’re dealing with an injury that’s at least a second-degree burn if blisters appear on the skin shortly after being burned.
The first thing to do with a second-degree burn is to cool it using cold water or a cold, damp towel. It’s not recommended to use ice on a burn as your skin may become too cold and suffer further damage from a cold burn.
Blisters caused by second-degree burns should never be punctured. That can increase the risk of infection. All blisters should be covered with fresh, sterile gauze daily or a few times a day, depending on how bad they are. Keeping your blisters clean and dry is the best way to help them heal fully with minimal scarring. Your doctor may recommend an antibiotic cream to help prevent any infections caused by blisters.
Second-degree burns must be taken seriously to prevent them from becoming third-degree burns. If a second-degree burn isn’t appropriately treated, it can result in a decreased flow to the burned tissue. That can cause extensive tissue damage resulting in a third-degree injury.
Symptoms of a second-degree burn can be similar to a first-degree burn, including redness, swelling, and pain. The only thing different is that with a second-degree burn, you’re more likely to see symptoms like white or peeling skin, indicating more severe damage. That can lead to blistering and peeling of the skin, which can cause infections. It’s essential to begin treating a second-degree burn immediately after it happens and continue to care for it until it heals completely to avoid infection and minimize scarring.
If you experience a second-degree burn, it’s important not to try to remove burned clothing unless it’s easily removed or still on fire. You’ll want to cover the wound with a moist, cool cloth or a sheet for larger burns. Towels, blankets, and other thicker materials won’t work as well. Do not apply any other ointments at this time and avoid causing any further damage to the skin. It’s best to elevate the affected area if possible and avoid all pressure and friction.
There are several things we recommend not applying to a second-degree burn after it happens, including any ointment, butter, ice, cream, spray, or fluffy cotton dressing. Avoid contaminating the wound by not breathing or coughing on it. Allow burned skin to heal without breaking the blisters or removing any of the dead skin. Your body will take care of this naturally as the skin repairs itself from second-degree burns.
Second-degree burns will take quite a bit longer to heal than first-degree burns do, often taking a few weeks to heal completely. It all depends on how severe the burn is and how much of the dermis is affected. Specific burns, such as those to the face, hands, or genitals, should always be examined by a physician.
Always seek advice from your Doctor
Information on Third Degree Burns
Third-degree burns, which are the most serious of all burns, will generally cause damage to all layers of the skin and may even burn bone, ligaments, muscles, or tendons below the skin. Because these burns are so serious, immediate medical attention will always be required to treat them.
Third-degree burns are also known as full-thickness burns because of how deeply they affect your skin and the layers below, including muscle, bone, and tendons. Third-degree burns will destroy the dermis and epidermis layers of your skin, which are the two outermost layers.
Several things can cause third-degree burns. Some burns are caused by scalding liquid or other hot objects, a fire, or an electrical burn or a chemical burn. Sometimes burns aren’t hot, like when your skin is burned by frostbite.
Everyone experiences third-degree burns differently. The severity of the injury largely depends on how big the wound is. The skin may become dry or leathery after a third-degree burn. It can also appear black, white, yellow, or somewhere in between. Often a third-degree injury won’t be very painful at the point of most severe damage due to destroyed nerve endings in the skin. Swelling and redness are also common in and around the burned areas.
More severe third-degree burns take a long time to heal and don’t do well without proper medical intervention. When your epidermis is destroyed, it’s difficult for new skin to grow. Symptoms of third-degree burns can potentially resemble different medical problems, so only a doctor will be able to tell you for sure whether or not you have third-degree injuries.
The course of treatment will depend on how severe your third-degree burns are. Electrolytes and antibiotics are typically fed intravenously to treat third-degree burns. Nutritional supplements and a diet high in protein can help your body’s natural healing process. Skin grafts may be required for the most severe third-degree burns and can be used to help close wounds.
Always seek advice from your Doctor
Some information on Fourth Degree Burns
Fourth-degree burns are some of the most serious burns that anyone could ever survive. There are six burn degrees total, though you typically only hear about first, second, and third-degree burns. It’s very difficult to survive from a fourth, fifth, or sixth-degree burn, though it may be possible with proper medical attention.
Fourth degree burns will burn through your skin completely. These burns destroy every layer of your skin and can even damage the bone, muscle, ligaments, and tendons below the skin.
Contractures may be the result of some fourth-degree burns. Contracture is a medical term meaning shortened joints or muscles, which is caused by tightness. These muscles and joints may require additional physical therapy before they can be reattached after a fourth-degree burn
Fourth-degree burns that go all the way down to your bones may result in the need for amputation. That is typically reserved as a final resort when your body has proven it won’t be able to heal itself naturally. The amputation may be necessary to avoid potentially life-threatening infection that could spread to other parts of the body.
Skin grafts are an essential part of treatment for fourth-degree burns. Healthy pieces of skin are removed from other areas of the body to help rebuild severely burned areas. Skin grafts are also used to help reconnect damaged areas. Fourth-degree burns can take months or even years to heal completely. They can cause massive amounts of irreversible damage to your body, and providing proper care for them can be a painful daily routine. This makes fourth-degree burns a dangerous, life-threatening medical condition.